Edinburgh, Scotland

 

Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland located in the Central Belt region of the country. With a population of approximately 450,000 (1 million in the city region), Edinburgh sparkle with a cosmopolitan yet unique Scottish atmosphere.

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Edinburgh  is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas., it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth‘s southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliamentand the supreme courts of Scotland.

The city’s Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the monarchy in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, literature, the sciences and engineering. It is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom and the city’s historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom’s second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year. Georgian grandeur and a powerful layer of modern life with contemporary avant-garde. It hosts great restaurants, shops, pubs, wild and mild clubs.

Medieval palaces, Gothic churches and fascinating historical buildings rub shoulders with the best of modern architecture, such as the Houses of Scottish Parliament and the refurbished National Museum of Scotland.

Variously dubbed “Auld Reekie” or “Athens of the North”, but usually just plain “Emmbruh”, it hosts great restaurants, shops, pubs, wild and mild clubs, and an unrivalled programme of city festivals throughout the year. Hogmanay, the Scottish New Year, kicks off the festivities; August sees the Tattoo, the International Festival and the Festival Fringe – the world’s largest arts festival.

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Medieval palaces, Gothic churches and fascinating historical buildings rub shoulders with the best of modern architecture, such as the Houses of Scottish Parliament and the renovated National Museum of Scotland.

Trinity-library

The Old and New Towns of Edinburgh were listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1995. In 2004, Edinburgh became the first member of the UNESCO Creative Cities initiative when it was designated a City of Literature.

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Edinburgh is a great city for the food lover. There is a selection of eateries throughout every part of the city, catering for all tastes, prices and styles – from fast-food to Michelin-starred grandeur. Just be careful around the castle and in the Grassmarket area, where many restaurants are tourist traps. Rose St, running parallel to Princes St is a pedestrian precinct that has a huge number of pubs offering a variety of pub fare food.

There are quite a few restaurants that have a BYOB policy which means you can bring your own wine or beer for consumption during your meal. Some charge a fee per bottle. Be sure to check and ask before you start drinking.

The Scots are well known for having a liking for fried food which has resulted in such gastronomic delights as deep fried pizza, deep fried hamburgers, deep fried Black Pudding (a type of blood sausage), deep fried haggis and deep fried Mars bars.

If you’re up to it, be sure to drop by a chippy (fish and chip shop) and experience these Scottish delights. Edinburgh chippys are unique in the UK for offering salt’n’sauce as standard in place of the salt’n’vinegar usually provided elsewhere in the country.

Edinburgh Rock is a soft confectionery, made from sugar and cream of tartar with various flavourings and colours, including peppermint and ginger. It can often be seen in tourist shops in tartan boxes.

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Edinburgh has been established as a tourist destination for centuries, and so there is a huge choice of accommodation available for travellers. If you’re planning a visit during festival time (Aug), around Christmas and New Year, or on the weekend of a Scotland home game in the 6-nations Rugby (Mar/Apr, 2 or 3 matches per year), then you will find that all types of accommodation get booked up well in advance.

For those on a budget, there are cheap youth hostels available with prices from £10 and above. The private/independent hostels centre around the Cowgate area, the lower Royal Mile and its side streets. The hostels of the HI affiliated Scottish Youth Hostel Association can be booked on-line and are an especially good deal during summer, when the SYHA rents student accommodation as summer hostels: Single rooms in the city centre for a very modest price.

Another good alternative for accommodation is self-catering holiday apartments. Edinburgh has a wide offer of short term holiday apartments steps away from its main tourist attractions. For summer months, especially August, it is highly recommended to book well in advance as most tourists tend to make their bookings in February for this period.

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Edinburgh International Airport (About 8 mi (13 km) west of the city off A8). Edinburgh airport has extensive European and domestic connections. European links include Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Brussels, Budapest,Copenhagen, Dublin, Frankfurt, Geneva, Helsinki, Istanbul, Madrid, Milan, Munich, Oslo, Paris, Prague, Rome, Stockholm and Zürich.

There are several non-stop connections from North America; Chicago O’Hare, New York JFK, Newark Liberty, Providence, Toronto Pearson, and Washington Dulles. There are also flights from Abu Dhabi and Doha. For better intercontinental links, travel via Manchester or London. See this link for a full list of destinations with flights to and from Edinburgh Airport.

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The main railway station is called Edinburgh Waverley Station (EDB) and is an attraction in itself. On National Rail’s website, it’s simply known as “Edinburgh”. If you type in “Waverley,” the site won’t understand you. Opened in 1846, Waverley Station was rebuilt 1892-1902. It lies between the Old and New Towns, , where it serves over 14 million people per annum. Despite various refurbishments, the past still survives in the station’s elaborate, domed ceiling where wreathed cherubs leap amid a wealth of scrolled ironwork.

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There is a second railway station in the centre of Edinburgh, Haymarket (HYM), around a mile to the west of Waverley. If you are arriving from the north, west or southwest, Haymarket is a better station to exit at if you are heading straight for the airport, zoo, or modern art gallery or if your accommodation is on the west side of town as you will avoid the city centre traffic, and it is on the major westbound bus routes. The Edinburgh tram also has a stop right in front of the Haymarket railway station. Haymarket station opened in 1842, but was basically rebuilt in 2013 with a much larger concourse and better access to the platforms.

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